Nomenclature of Atman

  • lingo, jargon, nomenclature, vernacular, argot, parlance

  • Ātman

    • soul
    • Pneuma - to the Greeks, the breath of air that sustains consciousness in the body
      • contrast with prana in the Vedas
    • subjective sense of self
    • essence of being
    • moksha is attained when one acquires atma jnana or self-knowledge that one's true self or ātman is identical with the transcendent self, the Brahman
  • mind

    • will, vīrya, semen
    • consciousness
    • psyche
    • Nous - sense of truth
    • host of memes
  • body

    • vessel
    • survival machine
    • the only thing we can know at the same time as both a phenomenon and a thing in itself
    • host of genes
  • Gene/Meme

    • code
    • self-replicating instruction
  • Teme

    • genes and memes working in concert within a mind and body
    • objective sense of self
  • Species

    • defined by similar genes
  • qualia

    • purely subjective, conscious experiences through our senses and perception
    • "what it is like"
  • Māyā - extraordinary wisdom, or illusion/appearance

  • Karma - intended action, the cause and eventual effect of a deed

  • Samsāra

    • wandering cyclitude of all life
    • transmigration of ātmans among temes
    • cycle of aimless drifting, wandering, or mundane existence
    • karmic cycle - deeds steer transmigration
  • Puruṣārthas - four proper aims of a life

    1. Moksha
      • transcendence
      • liberation from samsāra
    2. Dharma
      • righteousness
      • morality
    3. Artha
      • prosperity
      • wealth
    4. Kama
      • love
      • pleasure
  • Three Buddhist marks of existence

    • aniccā - impermanence
    • dukkhā - suffering
    • anattā - not-self, or anātman, opposite of ātman
  • Bodhisattva

    • a person who is able to reach nirvana but delays doing so out of compassion in order to save suffering beings.
  • Buddhist Kalpa

    • aeon, period of time
    • ayu-kalpa
      • lifespan
      • ranges from 10-100 years, or up to one Asaṃkhyeya or asankya which is incalculable
    • antah-kalpa
      • wavelength of ayu-kalpa which moves from min to max
      • mass extinction
    • asankya-kalpa
      • 20 antah-kalpas
      • 0.25 maha-kalpas
    • maha-kalpa
      • apocalypse
      • four quarters:
        • world formation
        • stable world supporting life
        • world destruction
        • empty period
  • Hindu Kalpa

    • 4,320,000 years
    • a day or night of the Brahman
    • during the day the Brahman knows itself and we are all one
    • at night the Brahman forget itself and dreams up the universe
    • at the end of a night kalpa, the dream-world is annihilated

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Nomenclature of Atman